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Molecular and Cellular Biology
Organismal Biology
Population Biology

 Organismal Biology

This section will cover the following areas:
  • Structure and function in plants with emphasis on angiosperms - Root, stem, leaf, flower, seed, fruit, Water and mineral absorption and transport and Food translocation and storage.
  • Plant reproduction and development - Alternation of generations in ferns, conifers, and flowering plants, Gamete formation and fertilization, Growth and development: hormonal control and Tropisms and photoperiodicity.
  • Structure and function in animals with emphasis on vertebrates - Major systems (e.g., digestive, gas exchange, skeletal, nervous, circulatory, excretory, immune), Homeostatic mechanisms and Hormonal control in homeostasis and reproduction.
  • Animal reproduction and development - Gamete formation, fertilization, Cleavage, gastrulation, germ layer formation, differentiation of organ systems, Experimental analysis of vertebrate development, Extraembryonic membranes of vertebrates, Formation and function of the mammalian placenta and Blood circulation in the human embryo.
  • Principles of heredity - Mendelian inheritance (dominance, segregation, independent assortment), Chromosomal basis of inheritance, Linkage, including sex-linked, Polygenic inheritance (height, skin color), Multiple alleles (human blood groups)

Getting Started
We recommend you first take a practice quiz on this section to identify areas to focus your study on.  The available resources listed below can then be more effectively used to review and expand you knowledge in those specific areas you need.
Quiz1 Take a quick quiz

Available Resources
Note - These are open web resources identified and provided by students and for the students.  The students rate them from most useful to least useful. They are not created, published, managed or copyrighted by Avatar Virtual Learning and we do not take responsibility for them or guarentee their availability.  Students are advised to follow safe web actions when using any of these resources.

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